Knee pain is very common, often associated with locking or giving way - early specialist review and physiotherapy may prevent surgery

Common Conditions of the Knee

Many conditions affect the knee joint and cause symptoms. Pain is the predominant symptom from most knee complaints. It is usually fairly well localised within the knee but can be more widespread and can sometimes also be felt in the shin area.

Ligament injuries, patellar instability and some cartilage tears can give rise to a feeling that the knee will give way (instability). Cartilage tears are painful and may cause the knee to ‘lock’. Swelling of the knee is a common symptom in any condition and can be quite impressive. Limping is common with any painful condition of the knee.

These are some of the main conditions which affect the knee:

Click here to view basic knee anatomy which provides a helpful reference for these pages.

Knee Surgery

Please click on the types of surgery below for more information: